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We have been exploring seas and oceans since times immemorial. Even today, seas and oceans are being explored for trade and commerce between nations, for exploration of energy resources and for scientific research purposes. Whatever the purpose maybe, the fact is oceans form an integral part of our life directly or indirectly and hence it becomes important to study the various parameters associated with it and the oceans themselves. To explore the vast oceans that are covering vast expanses of the planet, boats, ships and other vessels are needed. Marine engineers or naval architects design such boats, ships and vessels that traverse the oceans.
Marine engineering is concerned with the construction of ports and other cargo facilities and the operations of the ships and other support vessels. Thus, not only marine engineers design the ships, they also determine how to operate them. Marine engineers are responsible for selecting ships’ machinery, which may include diesel engines, steam turbines, gas turbines or nuclear reactors. Marine engineers are also responsible for the design of the mechanical, electrical, fluid and control systems throughout the vessel. Ranging from aircraft carriers to oil tankers, marine engineers design all kinds of vessels. While marine engineers may work on the machinery of the ship, naval architects work on the basic form of the ship, designing the hull and its stability. Marine engineers are responsible for conducting environmental, operational or performance tests on marine machinery and equipment. They are responsible for coordinating activities with regulatory bodies to ensure that the repairs and alterations are done safely and at minimal cost.
Ocean engineers study the environment of the seas and the ocean and also effect of oceans on the ships, under water vessels and structures such as off shore oil rigs. Ocean engineers are also involved in deep sea exploration and may design or operate ocean platforms or sub surface vehicles. The field of ocean engineering plays a vital role in linking various disciplines related to the study of oceans such as marine biology, chemical and physical oceanography, marine geology and geophysics. The oil industry, military and marine navigation fields also require the service of ocean engineers. Some ocean engineers may be involved in remote sensing while others work on climate monitoring, environmental protection, oil recovery, underwater vehicle development or defense.
Thus, ocean engineers explore the deep seas to study the habitats and discover new life forms and study how the marine ecosystems are maintained. They are also involved in oil exploration and in searching for rare minerals and materials under the floor of the ocean. Ocean engineering is actually a mix of several branches of engineering such as mechanical, civil, electrical, acoustical and chemical engineering techniques and skills, combined with knowledge of how ocean works and its environment.
Thus, the fields of marine engineering and ocean engineering are two interesting fields which are enhancing our knowledge of the oceans and the water environment. As we are exploring more and more about oceans and knowing its implications in the fields of clean energy, enhanced trade and commerce between nations and in the area of national defense, we are getting to know its importance in our lives. Marine engineers and ocean engineers help us to understand the oceans better so that we can harness the power of the seas to our benefit.
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Have you ever wondered how they make those aluminum cans for your soda? Or how they make millions of cans in factories? Or do you ever wonder how they make the glass bottle for your favorite drink? Did you ever watch a movie and wonder if you could modify your car to run faster? Have you wondered how robots in car factories weld and paint cars? Have you ever wanted to add cooling fans to your computer so that it would run cool and smooth while you play your favorite video game?
Do you want to design a car that runs on solar energy? Want to find Eco-friendly, renewable energy sources? Do you want redesign machines that we use every day and make them energy efficient? Do you want to study and improve how air bags save lives in an accident?
Welcome to the field of Mechanical engineering.
Everything from elevators to aircraft, from pens to satellites, from sports cars to roller coaster rides is all designed and produced by mechanical engineers. People in the field of mechanical engineering and allied sciences design and make products to make our lives comfortable.
The field of mechanical engineering is vast and there are numerous options. Typically, a four year bachelor’s degree is required for most jobs. A background in algebra, trigonometry, calculus, physics and chemistry is essential. You have to apply the principles learned in mathematics and physics in creative ways to solve problems. Mechanical engineers work in teams. They design products, prepare initial drafts, create prototypes and implement changes before finalizing the design for production. All the stages require team work, understanding and cooperation. Engineers often consider the economic viability of potential solutions, perform cost analysis and overall project planning and scheduling.
Mechanical engineers are needed from Anchorage, Alaska to Key West, Florida. The jobs can in small manufacturing units, large corporations and government agencies. They work in designing products like personal hand held computers, nuclear power plants and spacecrafts. The mechanical engineering field has also found applications in electro-mechanical equipment for the field of medicine. Examples are machines that record and display heart beats, blood dialysis and CT (Computed Tomography) Scans.
Many mechanical engineers appear for examinations to achieve a license of Professional Engineers. Mechanical engineers are also employed by the armed forces in maintenance and of the hardware and equipment. Many work in the Navy as maintenance engineers in high tech ships, submarines and naval shipyards.
Hard work, a good deal of mathematical and scientific knowledge and creativity can open endless possibilities of lifelong learning, innovation and research.
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