With the increasing competitiveness and interdependency among countries, each nation is required to develop more knowledge, efficiency and resources of its people to create strong presence in the world. Dynamic changes happening in the 21st century call for series of opportunities and challenges in the global education. Global influences in education require nations to adapt education as a basic human right. Educators need to go beyond the surface of education to give it more depth and breadth rather than making it superficial.
Multicultural and intercultural interactions among and within nations require that the role of education has to expand and it must contribute to make the society more productive. Cross-cultural education to young teens is must to prepare them to cope with linguistic and racial dilemmas. Though the education has been set as a fundamental human right, it needs to go far beyond to promote human development and freedom. In today’s knowledge-based society which is driven by innovation and change, education must attempt to transform unskilled workers into skilled and knowledgeable employees.
Income inequalities and polarization among the countries has been increasing fast hence the education system must aim to bring them on equal footage. High and middle income groups are heavily dependent on private tutoring which has developed “shadow education system” in the world. In poor countries education becomes significant element for poverty alleviation and income generation.
Technology plays a key role in today’s education system. Increasing access to internet and computers has changed traditional classrooms into enhanced learning centers. Online learning has facilitated working professionals to attend the classes and complete their education in the later part of their life. Distance learning facility has increased rapidly due to its flexibility and convenience. Technological advances have forced educators to develop new pedagogical concepts and methods.
There has been significant growth in vocational education and training. As the labor market has become more competitive, the working executives have to develop new skills and learn new methods to stay in their jobs. Vocational training not only increases employability of working adults but also broaden their knowledge base in their specialized field. Vocational training is the means of career development and enhancement.